Before we get to the details, it is important to know the different terms used to refer to houses. In fact, most people talk about home charging stations, home chargers, home charging stations, EVSE (electric vehicle power source), wall chargers or wall boxes, meaning the same thing.
Charging your car at home is easy and has many benefits
Sleep in, wake up, drive - charging at home is the easiest way to ensure your electric car is fully charged before your next trip. You don't have to worry about driving an undercharged car or searching for the nearest public charging station. In fact, charging your electric car is like charging your cell phone. Turn it on at night, wake up, and the car is 100% charged and ready to go.
Learn about the expenses involved in EV infrastructure by exploring how much a commercial EV charging station costs.Be independent - the public interest is always dependent on the charging grid and infrastructure of public charging stations. By charging your car at home, you don't depend on the grid's charging and recharging rates. It also gives you complete control over when to charge your car and helps you save valuable time by avoiding lines at public charging stations.
Saving money - residential charging is the cheapest way to charge an electric car. On average, the cost of charging an electric car at home is five times cheaper than at utility stations. In addition, electric car users only pay for the electricity they pay for at home. A great low-cost charging option is also a combination of home electric vehicle chargers and installed solar power. By using this method, electric car owners avoid the high cost of electricity, which is usually associated with high grid infrastructure prices.
Find specialized help with our list of electric charging station installation contractors.As mentioned above, there are many advantages to charging an electric car at home. There are several options for charging a car at home. In fact, there are two solutions: using cables (Level 1) or using a home charging station (Level 2). We believe that the first step before buying a home electric vehicle charger is to decide which option is best for your needs.
The level of charge determines how quickly your electric vehicle can charge. Each level works in a different way. In some countries, charging types are divided into methods rather than levels. Operating mode 1 and operating mode 2 describe charge level 1.1. Operating mode 2 differs from operating mode 1 in that there is a safety switch on the charging cable. Operating mode 3 corresponds to charge level 2.
Experience the future of eco-friendly travel with our state-of-the-art charging station, designed to keep you moving seamlessly on your journey.Now that you understand the difference between the different levels or modes, you may already know if you need a two-level charging station for your electric vehicle. Of course, it depends on your needs, in particular the distance you travel each day and the time you need to charge the car. If you use the car occasionally and only for short distances, a simple cable (usually included with the car) will suffice. Otherwise, it is advisable to invest in a home station without a home. And from now on we will focus only on this type of charger.
The main reason for buying a home charging station is the time it takes to charge an electric car. People have different needs and expectations: some people need to charge their car in 3-4 hours, while others need 6-8 hours or more. Understanding how long it takes to charge your car will help you choose the right household charger for your electric car.
The actual charging time depends on a number of factors, some of which relate to the vehicle and others to the charging station.
Electric car factors:.
Charging at home:.
Various factors affect the time it takes to charge your car. To understand how long it takes to charge an electric car, it is important to understand the concept of the actual maximum charging power, which is determined by both the power range and the charging station.
Actual Maximum Charging Power
The actual charging power is limited by either the vehicle or the charging station. The minimum charging power determines the actual charging power. In other words, if the maximum charging power is lower than that of the car charging station, the car is the limiting factor for charging time. If the charging station provides less charging power than the vehicle's maximum charging power, the limiting factor is the charging station.
Calculating the total charging time for an electric vehicle
To determine the total vehicle charging time, divide the vehicle's battery capacity by the actual charging capacity.
Calculation of charging time per 100 km of electric car mileage
The charging time per 100 km of autonomous driving distance does not depend on the size of the battery. Instead, it depends on the charging capacity of the charging station and the ratio of KWH per 100 km.
Now you can calculate the time it takes to charge an electric vehicle at a charging station. However, there are other parameters to keep in mind before making a purchase.
Every electric car owner has different needs. And to determine them, you should first ask yourself the following questions
Before you can make a decision, you need to determine the ideal charging time. In the previous section we saw that the power range of the car and the charging station affects the charging time. Depending on the vehicle's maximum charging power, it is not necessary to buy a household charging station with a very high maximum charging power. Generally, domestic charging stations with higher power are more expensive.
The next consideration is the standard use of electric cars. If you expect to use a fully charged electric car after a short charging time, you should look into a charging station that can quickly charge the car with electricity. On the other hand, if you do not always need a fully charged car and you can easily charge the car for a longer time, e.g. at night, you might consider cheaper charging stations with less charging capacity (e.g. if your average mileage is less than 50 km a day, a charging cable level is enough for your needs (Perhaps).
Do you always park in the same spot? Do you have easy access to an outlet near your parking lot?
First, if you have a permanent parking spot, ideally a garage or carport, and access to power, you might consider installing a charging station. You should also think about the size of the charging station. It should be suitable for the future installation site.
The parking lot location affects your choice of charging station. If the parking lot is exterior, you should consider purchasing an electric vehicle charging station. This information should be included in the description. If you plan to install the charging station in your garage, you do not need to confront the weather.
Depending on where you live, you will need to consider the temperature of the city in which you live. Some charging stations will only work in certain temperature ranges. Make sure that future charging stations will also work in the right weather conditions.
The cable should be long enough to run between the future charging station location and the electric vehicle charging outlet. Note that the location of the outlet varies from car to car. Some charging stations allow customers to charge two or more electric cars at the same time. This may be suitable for charging electric cars at the same time.
When selecting the wire length, make sure that the cable and plug are not affected by voltage. Also consider the point at which the plug is located in the vehicle.
Different countries use different types of plugs. When choosing a charging station, make sure that you choose the right plug for your electric vehicle.
Another important aspect to keep in mind is that other electric car users should make sure that they cannot easily charge another car at their expense. This can be ensured through a system of registration at the charging station. This could be a key, RFID chip, or charging card. This system ensures that the owner of the charging station decides if they are allowed to charge electric vehicles at the charging station.
When selecting a future charging station, the vehicle to be charged must be considered. This applies not only to vehicles that you already own, but also to vehicles that you want to charge in the future. Not all electric vehicles of the same capacity can be charged. As mentioned above, when choosing a charging station, you should consider whether you want to choose a charging capacity that matches the maximum charging capacity of your current electric vehicle, or whether you are thinking of buying a new electric vehicle in the near future. Capacity. Maximum charging capacity.
If you are unsure of the correct installation, it is recommended that you seek help from a professional electrician. Some manufacturers provide a list of certified electricians to install charging stations in your home.
You should also ask an electrician to make sure there is a connection to the mains before installation. The electrician can check to see if your home limits the maximum charging capacity. If so, you can save money by buying a charging station with less power than you can use.
Most people simply install charging stations in their homes without considering other useful aspects.
The cost of energy.
The cost of energy varies from country to country and from supplier to supplier. Currently, the cost of energy for the average household remains constant throughout the day. However, in the energy market, where energy suppliers and large companies are involved, the cost fluctuates throughout the day.
In areas where large power plants (e.g., nuclear or coal plants) are mostly located that cannot be easily shut down or started up, electricity prices are lower at night and higher during peak hours, when most power plants are in operation. Where power plants have power generators, power prices usually fall when the sun shines brightly.
It may make economic sense for home charging station users to charge when energy prices are lower. This can be seen in the image from the green area. To achieve this, the user needs to enter into a contract with an energy supplier that includes dynamic energy prices.
Programmable charging stations.
In order for the charging process to start at the best available price, the charging stations must be programmable or even linked to energy prices. That way, the user can start the charging process at a certain time (e.g., 3 a.m.). This is especially true when energy prices are low.
The relationship between charging time and energy price can be realized if the charging station is connected to the Internet. An Internet connection is also useful if the charging station is connected to an app. You can quickly check the charging process.
Smart charging - Smart charging
If the charging process is optimally priced by multiple vehicles, it is possible to balance the price of energy and its consumption in a given area.
In future markets with potentially large numbers of electric vehicles, balancing can have a significant impact on the energy market.
BACKGROUND: In an energy market, the amount of energy imported must match the amount of energy consumed. Therefore, some power plants must be activated or deactivated depending on energy consumption in the energy market. Some power plants are only used to balance consumption in the market (e.g. pumping stations).
Intelligent charging or smart charging allows charging stations to use algorithms to optimize charging cycles according to specific customer needs (e.g., to ensure batteries are fully charged when drivers drive to work in the morning). With intelligent charging, the algorithm can learn and adapt to changes over time.
Dual charging means that the charging station can charge and discharge the battery of an electric vehicle. This allows the user to use the energy left in the electric vehicle's battery to provide high power consumption (such as washing machines). Using this method, users can charge their car battery when electricity costs are high and electricity prices are low when they want to use their washing machine.
Virtual Power Plants.
Together with other users of bi-directional charging stations, users can create what are called virtual power stations. They act together as a power station in the electricity market. When electricity prices in the market are high, the virtual power plant can supply electricity from electric cars that do not depend on battery power at a particular point in time.
Low SOC (state of charge)
Maintaining a low charge state (SOC) is good for the health of electric vehicle batteries. Features such as smart charging, smart charging, programmable charging, and two-shot charging allow you to determine the charging period and keep the battery in an optimal state of charge, fully charged when movement is required.
The dictionary provides an explanation of specific technical terms related to charging stations. This overview provides enough information to understand the description of a charging station.
The charge state is used to describe the battery charge rate; the SOC varies from 0% to 100%. The short-term state of charge is soc. The scale is selected by the manufacturer. In other words, 0% SOC does not necessarily mean that the battery voltage is 0 volts. However, the battery should not be discharged further, perhaps for battery health reasons. The same applies if the battery has a 100% SOC. There is no need to charge the battery further. To extend battery life, it is recommended to use batteries in the 40% to 60% SOC range.
Battery capacity is often referred to as current X hours (AH). This indicates the amount of energy a battery can produce in a certain amount of time. Battery size can also be stated in KWH. This indicates the energy stored by the battery.
The battery voltage of an electric vehicle is determined by the design of the battery cells and wiring. The voltage of each cell connected in a row increases the voltage of the battery. Typically the battery voltage is about 400 volts, although some car manufacturers go as high as 800 volts.
The voltage of each cell depends on the state of charge (SOC). Typically, cell voltages fluctuate between 2 and 4 volts. The hive voltage arises from the difference between rising and falling - the potential depends on the chemical composition.NMC (lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt oxide) cells are mainly used in electric cars.
Battery life is the amount of time a battery is used to perform a specific task. Generally, battery life ends when the expected range of the electric vehicle is only 60% of the electric vehicle's range at the beginning of the battery life.
End of life period
The end of battery life is called EOL; EOL defines the point at which the battery can no longer store enough energy to do its job.
The charging current is the current drawn by the electric vehicle's charging station. The charging current is limited by the resistance of the electrical wiring and the resistance of the electric vehicle's battery.
The charging capacity is determined by the capacity of the charging station. It is calculated approximately according to the charging voltage of the mains/battery.
Resistance of the electrical wiring
The resistance of the cable is determined by the natural properties of the cable and the design of the electrical circuit. The thicker the cable, the lower (better) its resistance.
Charging Cable Resistance
The resistance of a charging cable is calculated in the same way as the resistance of the wiring. The thicker the cable, the lower its resistance. The longer the charging cable, the higher its resistance.
Charging power is calculated as the ratio of voltage * current. The higher the charging power, the faster the electric vehicle charges. Note that electric vehicles limit their charging power in the same way that charging stations do. If an electric vehicle cannot charge at maximum power from a power station, the charging current must be limited.
The internal resistance of the charging cable, vehicle battery, and vehicle wiring determines the power loss during charging. Charging losses are calculated by resistance. Charging loss is basically the portion of the charging power that heats up the cable and the battery. This shows why the charging current should be limited to the maximum current. Failure to do so can cause the cable and battery to overheat.
Charging efficiency shows how much of the charging power used is retained by the battery. (charging capacity - charging losses) / charging capacity.
Efficiency can only be calculated if the system is a combination of electric vehicles and charging stations.
As a potential charging station owner, it is important that charging efficiency is high, because at the end of the month you pay the electricity supplier for charging power.
Charging power is energy that is charged over time. (charging power * charging time)
Charged operating distance.
The charged driving distance depends on the energy consumption of the electric vehicle.
This means that an electric vehicle with lower power consumption can travel a longer distance with more power consumption and the same amount of energy.
When selecting a charging station, make sure that the charging station can charge enough energy within the time allotted to charge the vehicle each day.
Some charging stations offer a fast charging feature. In many cases, this feature is time-limited and ensures that the system (cables, leads, and battery charging) does not overheat. In many cases, this feature is enough to charge enough power for the next short route.
As opposed to using charging stations and a daily routine, this feature can be useful.
To avoid overheating the charging station, some charging stations are equipped with cooling systems. These systems are necessary to ensure high charging power.
AC and DC are terms that describe the types of current and voltage.
AC means alternating current. This means that the current moves in a positive and negative waveform direction. Alternating current is characteristic of power supplies and is widely used in households.
Direct current means a continuous current. It means that the current only moves in one direction. Direct current is used to transmit power over long distances because there is less inductive loss.
Constant current charges the EV battery. If the charging station provides alternating current, the alternating current is transferred to the vehicle's devices. Large charging stations often charge with direct current.
If you own an electric car, you need a reliable charging station to ensure that your electric vehicle always has enough power to take you to your destination. Having a home charging station has many benefits:
Here are some factors to consider when selecting a home charging station:
There are three types of electric car home charging stations:
The charging speed of a home charging station is measured in kilowatts (kW). The higher the kW rating, the faster your car will charge. However, keep in mind that the charging speed also depends on the maximum charging rate of your electric car.
Make sure that your home charging station matches the power output of your electric car. You can find the power output in the user manual of your car.
Choose a reputable brand that offers a warranty and good customer support. Also, make sure that the charger is compatible with your car's charging port and cable.
A smart electric car charging station will allow you to monitor the battery level, schedule charging, and even control the charging process remotely using your phone. It can also adjust the charging speed based on the time of day and the demand for electricity.
Here is a list of the top-rated electric car home charging stations:
Buying an electric car home charging station is a smart investment for electric car owners. Not only does it save you time and money, but it also helps reduce your carbon footprint. When choosing a charging station, consider the type, speed, power output, brand and compatibility, and smart features. We hope that this guide has helped you make an informed decision.
In this article, we'll break down everything you need to know before investing in an electric car home charging station.
That’s why we’ve put together this comprehensive guide to electric car home charging stations.
When choosing a home charging station, it’s important to consider your daily driving habits and how much time you spend at home. If you have a long commute or frequently take long road trips, a Level 2 charger may be the best option for you. If you only drive short distances and spend most of your time at home, a Level 1 charger may be sufficient.
With this comprehensive guide, you’ll be able to choose the perfect home charging station for your electric car. Remember that the right charging station can make a big difference in your daily life, and can help you save money and reduce your environmental footprint. Happy charging!
That's why home charging stations have become more popular. In this blog post, we'll take you through the ins and outs of electric car home charging stations, so you can make an informed decision when choosing one.
But with so many options on the market, choosing the right charging station can be overwhelming. In this article, we’ll break down the key features to look for, so you can choose the best electric car home charging station for your needs.
When shopping for a home charging station, here are the key features to keep in mind:
There are many advantages to having a home charging station for your electric car:
Choosing the best electric car home charging station requires considering several key factors, including charging speed, connection type, size, smart features, and price. Having a home charging station offers many advantages, including convenience, savings, reliability, and speed. By choosing the right charging station for your needs, you can enjoy all the benefits of owning an electric car with the added convenience and peace of mind of charging at home.